[8] Daily activity is usually restricted to 10% to 20% of the overall home range. [11][20], The diet of eastern cottontails is varied and largely dependent on availability. The kits develop the same coloring after a few weeks, but they also have a white blaze that goes down their forehead; this marking eventually disappears. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. Eastern cottontails are active year-round. Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. MORE IN HARE CATEGORY. Eastern cottontail Facts about the genus Sylvilagus, the cottontail rabbits Scientific name: The genus name Sylvilagus is from the Latin word sylva (forest) and the Greek word lagos (hare). It is the most common rabbit species in North America. Quercus garryana. [9] In Florida slash pine flatwoods, eastern cottontails use low saw-palmetto (Serenoa repens) patches for cover within grassy areas. In Maryland you have Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) for wild rabbits. It is abundant in Midwest North America, and has been found in New Mexico and Arizona. ), corvids (Corvus spp. In New York the breeding season occurs from February to September, in Connecticut from mid-March to mid-September. Common Name Eastern cottontail. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail rabbits are lagomorphs, not rodents as many people think. In southwestern North Dakota, cottontails (both eastern and desert cottontail Sylvilagus auduboni) were major prey items in the diets of bobcats. Eastern Cottontail. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus. Litvaitis et al. Anyone who has ever seen a cottontail rabbit could easily guess how they got their common name: their tails, which look like cotton balls. Their scientific name is Sylvilagus floridanus. It may use the dens of groundhogs as a temporary home or during heavy snow. Scientific Name . The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. They are found in both rural and urban areas and are the most common rabbit species in … [18], Eastern cottontails are crepuscular to nocturnal feeders; although they usually spend most of the daylight hours resting in shallow depressions under vegetative cover or other shelter, they can be seen at any time of day. Hind foot: 3 - 4 in. Oregon oak. Breeding Habit Brushy areas on the edges of fields or streams. It has also been introduced into parts of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. [1] Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. Quercus-Pinus. The tail is short, fluffy, 30-70 mm (1.2-2.8 in) in length, brown above and white below. [24], Juvenile eastern cottontails are rare in the diet of short-eared owls (Asio flammeus). It can be found in bushy areas, fields, woodlands, swamps and thickets. You guessed it: brown. Cottontail rabbits can run up to 18 miles per hour for a half mile, and they run in a zig-zag pattern to confuse predators. Eastern Cottontail 7. In southwestern Wisconsin adult male home ranges averaged 6.9 acres (2.8 hectares) in spring, increased to 10 acres (4.0 hectares) in early summer, and decreased to 3.7 acres (1.5 hectares) by late summer. [9], "Cottontail" redirects here. An adult female averages three litters per year, which can occur in any season; occurrence, and litter size depend on several factors including time of the year, weather, and location. The redigestion of pellets greatly increases the nutritional value of dietary items. Eastern cottontails typically inhabit one home range throughout their lifetime, but home range shifts in response to vegetation changes and weather are common. It is mostly nocturnal, but it sometimes will come out in the early morning and at dusk and sometimes during the day on dark days. Other species, like the eastern cottontail, live in a wide variety of habitats. Sylvilagus floridanus. Sylvilagus floridanus (J. Cottontails can also be parasitized by botfly species including Cuterebra fontinella. southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico. Physical Characteristics: The eastern cottontail is a medium-sized rabbit in which the nape of the neck is rusty.The dorsal coloration varies from reddish-brown to grayish-brown sprinkled with black. This is the list for all the museum skins, taxidermy mounts, etc. Major predators of eastern cottontail include domestic cats and dogs, foxes (Vulpes and Urocyon spp. Discover How Long Eastern cottontail Lives. Swamp Rabbit 2. Throughout their range, cottontails can be found in meadows or any open grassy area with an abundance of well-distributed dense shrubs for cover. [21], Annual adult survival is estimated at 20%. "Cottontails: Komarek, Roy. New England cottontail is usually smaller in size and has black patch between its ears. Tail: 1 - 1 3/4 in. Special Report 19. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. In many areas Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratense) and Canada bluegrass (P. compressa) are important dietary components. Hellgren, Eric C.; Vaughan, Michael R. (1988). Species - S. floridanus. ... Common Name: Eastern cottontail. The cottontail will turn the food with its nose to find the cleanest part of the vegetation (free of sand and inedible parts) to begin its meal. [6] In Connecticut, important winter foods include gray birch (Betula populifolia), red maple, and smooth sumac (Rhus glabra). In Texas, eastern cottontails are preyed on by coyotes more heavily in early spring and in fall than in summer or winter. Are herbivores and feed and plant matter, including grasses and vegetables tends., Ronald M. ; Paradiso, John L. ( 1983 ), but the eastern cottontail leap! 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